This article focuses on the idiosyncratic representations of demonic entities that wield knives on their feet or secondary limbs. Beginning in the New Kingdom, they appear occasionally on rings or seals, but more usually on household furniture such as beds, chairs and headrests. This particular iconography is rare not only in Ancient Egyptian art but in representations of liminal entities in other cultures. The goal of this discussion is to share preliminary analyses of this foot-knife demon icon in terms of its context, the nature of the weapon itself, and the pose.
The vivid engravings on vertical rocks at the desert site of Nag el-Hamdulab west of the Nile comprise a rock art gallery of exceptional historical significance. The authors show that the images of boats with attendant prisoners, animals and the earliest representation of a pharaoh offer a window on Dynasty 0, and depict the moment that the religious procession of Predynastic Egypt became the triumphant tour of a tax-collecting monarch.