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Monday, January 25, 2016

Fwd: Unraveling History: The Final Fates of the Children of Cleopatra VII?



-------- Original Message --------
Subject: Unraveling History: The Final Fates of the Children of Cleopatra VII?
Date: Sat, 23 Jan 2016 14:39:05 +0000
From: <Natalia Klimczak>


Unraveling History: The Final Fates of the Children of Cleopatra VII?
Antony and Cleopatra, by Lawrence Alma-Tadema.

Cleopatra VII had four children. One with Julius Caesar and three with Mark Anthony. Until 31 BC the family of the last Ptolemaic queen lived a magnificent life in a golden palace, one of the most luxurious places of the world. However, when Cleopatra and Mark Anthony were defeated by Octavian during the naval battle at Actium in 31 BC, this idyllic life came to a close. The future Roman Emperor, who was about to be known as Caesar Augustus, didn't give any mercy to his enemies. He hoped to defeat Mark Anthony and take Cleopatra as his trophy to Rome. According to the ancient resources, this didn't happen because in 30 BC both Cleopatra and Mark Anthony committed suicide. This act left their children with no one to protect them.

Hope for an Empire

The eldest son of Cleopatra was born June 23, 47 BC. As a son of Gaius Julius Caesar, he was called Caesarion, meaning ''little Caesar''. His full name was Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar and he was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. He reigned together with his mother from September 2, 44 BC. Cleopatra liked to believe that one day he would become as great an emperor as his father was. He took lessons from the best teachers, to prepare him to fulfill his future role.

Caesarion probably held the position as ruler after the death of his mother on August 12, 30 BC. However, he was murdered by Octavian's orders just 11 days later. With his death, Octavian lost the only competition he had to the throne of Rome.

Caesarion,                from the "Unravel the Mystery" Cleopatra                exhibit