Egyptian tombs of the nobles ; Luxor ; Thebes ; West bank ; Tombs Egypt
TOMBS OF THE NOBLES - THEBES
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Among the complete presentations, certain tombs will be presented under the category "a glimpse !". These are the tombs for which only a few images exist, either because the monument is incomplete, or because it is severely damaged, or because only a few photos exist which have often been achieved through the entry grid. They are indicated by the logo of the eye identical to the udjat.
DJEHUTY, usurped by DJEHUTYEMHEB TT45
Realised during the reign of Amenhotep II for an overseer of the weavers of linen in the temple of Amun, TT45 was usurped some two hundred years later by a colleague, who respected the memory of his predecessor.
This is a small irregular chapel whose decoration is well-preserved. Ameneminet was a priest in the Temple of Millions of Years of Amenhotep III. Some scenes are very rare, such as the transportation of the mummy to the burial chamber.
The tomb dates from the 20th Dynasty and belongs to a character whose powerful family was in the service of the temple of Amon. This is an example of the so called temple-tombs, as many are found at that time.
AMENEMOPET TT177 and USERHAT TT176
They are presented together here, because they are connected, even though two centuries, at least, separate them. TT177 is a smaller tomb whose decoration has suffered a lot. A breach in a wall opens into TT176, a little better preserved.
ANTEFOQER and SENET TT60
The only well preserved tomb of the Middle Kingdom in Thebes has been created for the lady Senet, the mother or a wife of Antefoqer. This one was extensively present but has often been erased, without any knowledge as to why.
Better known as Pahekamen, the tomb of this overseer of construction works dates from the 18th Dynasty. It uses the classical inverted "T"-shape and is decorated throughout.
This small tomb kept its beautiful colours and notably a remarkable ceiling.
The tomb is one of the large number of tombs constructed in Thebes for the civil servants of Ancient Egypt. The location well reflects the middle social status of Djeserkareseneb and was constructed during the reign of Tuthmosis IV and almost certainly extended into the early part of that of Amenophis III.
In spite of the degradation of tomb 192, it remains the one of the most important burials on a religious and historic level of the Theban necropolis and the largest private tomb of the XVIIIth Dynasty.
The high-priest of the cult of Montu in Tod and the cult of Thutmosis III, Khonsu, dedicated to them an essential part of the decoration of the 1st chamber of his chapel, whilst at the back of the niche it is Montuhotep who is venerated.
KYKY (aka. SAMUT) TT409
Kyky had important economic responsibilities in Amun's domain at Karnak, notably in the management of livestock. Literate and well versed in religious literature, his devotion for the goddess Mut made him write beautiful hymns in her honour on the walls of his vault.
The small tomb of Menna is decorated with extremely detailed scenes, created by a master draftsman. It provides an irreplaceable directory of mondane and funerary scenes. Menna was scribe of the fields of the Lord of the Two Lands, the overseer of agricultural activities.
The tomb of Nakht, although very small in size, includes some of the most beautiful paintings of the Theban tombs. Their freshness of colour remains astounding.
This tomb of the overseer of the altar in the Ramesseum includes, in spite of its small size, some very interesting scenes, even unique ones.
NEBAMON and IPUKY TT181
The complex commonly called "the tomb of the two sculptors" is of an exceptional quality. It also has the sad privilege of being one of the more ravaged by various pillagers. The relationship between the two characters has been based on current data and views.
NEFERENPET (aka. KENRO) TT178
His tomb has an unusual feature is that the decoration has been entirely finished, and the statues rough-hewn out of the living limestone have been carefully remodelled in stucco and then painted and ornamented.
This tomb is probably that of the successor to Neferrenpet (TT178) and is located in the same courtyard. The artwork was almost certainly produced by the same workshop. Again, the decoration of its main chamber was fully completed.
Ramose was a vizier at first under the administration of Amenhotep III then his son Amenhotep IV before he became Akhenaton. His tomb gives a good account of this dualism. It engravings are among the finest of all Egyptian art.
The tomb of Roy is a little marvel and could represent for the tombs of the noble what that of Nefertari represents for the sovereigns, so much quality and the freshness of its decorations are exceptional.
SENEMIAH TT127 and later PIAY & PAIRY
Though blackened by human occupation, it contains remarkable relief decoration. Created by Senemiah at the time of Hatshepsut and Thutmosis III, it became reused (but not usurped) during the Ramesside period by Piay and Pairy.
It is justifiably famous for its ceiling and the quality of its reliefs, as also its state of conservation. The craftsmen exploited the irregularity of that it to decorate it with vines, from where the monument gets its name "Tomb to the vines".
The tomb of Shuroy forms part, with that of Roy, of the two tombs restored and opened in Dra Abou el Naga. It is unfinished, with only few texts. The restoration is however of a beautiful quality and the freshness of the colours is astonishing.
This Userhat (there were others), was also called Neferhabef. He was the "first prophet of the royal Ka of Thutmosis I", thus he served in the cult temple of this king. He actually held this position during the reigns of Horemheb and Ramesses I and died during the reign of Seti I.
The tomb of a soldier, close to king Amenhotep II, his career was brilliant. The paintings of the central part of the wall south of his tomb give a unusual detailed insight into the life of soldiers whom Userhat commanded.
AAMETJU (Ahmosis) TT83
Illustrated here by more than 600 images, the tomb is of exceptional quality and historical importance, especially for its texts, which explain the various functions and responsibilities of the Vizier and supply his biography. It also includes splendid scenes of foreign peoples paying tribute and a comprehensive version of the 'opening of the mouth' ritual.
This tiny Theban Tomb has the distinction of being decorated, but not inscribed. Painters have packed as many scenes as possible which were considered as indispensable by the owner. The tomb dates back to the middle of the 18th Dynasty. The owner probably held functions connected with the manufacture, handling, and storage ... of products from the land.
The tomb of Amenhotep-Huy, is one of the few datable to the reign of Tutankhamun, and a major sources for understanding the functions of a Viceroy: the scenes showing presentation of the tribute to the sovereign are exceptional. Another interesting point is the mixture between 'classic' elements and others that recall the Amarna period.