monograph investigates how Egyptian-Levantine contact from the Middle
Kingdom to the early Second Intermediate Period influenced and effected
the rise of the Hyksos. Utilising theories on ethnicity and cultural
mixing, it examines the changing nature of Egyptian-Levantine relations,
and reassesses the Egyptian concept of the other. The approach is
holistic, gathering archaeological, textual and artistic evidence from
sites across three regions: Egypt; the Eastern Desert; and the Levant.
This method is proven to be well-suited in shedding new light on the
origins of the enigmatic Hyksos, and how these ‘rulers of foreign lands’
established their Fifteenth Dynasty in Egypt.